The CLIL starter list

CLIL overviews:

  • Dalton-Puffer, C. (2011). Content-and-Language Integrated Learning: From Practice to Principles. Annual Review of Applied Linguistics, 31, 182-204. doi:10.1017/S0267190511000092
  • Dalton-Puffer, C., Llinares, A., Lorenzo, F., & Nikula, T. (2014). You Can Stand Under My Umbrella”: Immersion, CLIL and Bilingual Education. A Response to Cenoz, Genesee & Gorter (2013). Applied Linguistics, 35(2), 213-218.
  • Paran, A. (2013). Content and Language Integrated Learning: Panacea or Policy Borrowing Myth. Applied Linguistics Review, 4(2), 317-342. doi:10.1515/applirev-2013-0014
  • Pérez-Cañado, M. L. (2012). CLIL research in Europe: past, present, and future. International Journal of Bilingual Education and Bilingualism, 15(3), 315-341.
  • Tedick, D. J., & Wesely, P. M. (2015). A review of research on content-based foreign/second language education in US K-12 contexts. Language, Culture and Curriculum, 28(1), 25-40. doi:10.1080/07908318.2014.1000923


  • Ball, P., Kelly, K., & Clegg, J. (2015). Putting CLIL into Practice. Oxford University Press.
  • Coyle, D., Hood, P., & Marsh, D. (2010). CLIL: Content and Language Integrated Learning. Cambridge University Press.
  • Dale, L., & Tanner, R. (2012). CLIL Activities with CD-ROM: A Resource for Subject and Language Teachers. Cambridge University Press.
  • Deller, S., & Price, C. (2007). Teaching Other Subjects Through English. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
  • Lyster, R. (2007). Learning and Teaching Languages Through Content: A counterbalanced approach. John Benjamins Publishing Company.
  • Mehisto, P., Marsh, D., & Frigols, M. J. (2008). Uncovering CLIL: Content and language integrated learning in bilingual and multilingual education. Macmillan.

CLIL teacher education:

  • Graaff, R., Koopman, G., Anikina, Y., & Westhoff, G. (2007). An Observation Tool for Effective L2 Pedagogy in Content and Language Integrated Learning (CLIL). The International Journal of Bilingual Education and Bilingualism, 10(5), 603-623.
  • Hillyard, S. (2011). First steps in CLIL: Training the teachers. LACLIL, 4(2).
  • Llinares, A. (2015). Integration in CLIL: a proposal to inform research and successful pedagogy. Language, Culture and Curriculum, 28(1), 58-73. doi:10.1080/07908318.2014.1000925
  • Meyer, O. (2010). Towards quality CLIL: successful planning and teaching strategies. Puls, 11-29.

Other important CLIL issues:

Relationship between language and content; academic language; code switching; translanguaging, etc.

  • Garcia, O., & Wei, L. (2013). Translanguaging. London: Palgrave Macmillan. doi:10.1057/9781137385765
  • Gierlinger, E., Maria. (2015). ‘You can speak German, Sir’: On the complexity of teachers’ L1 use in CLIL. Language and Education, 29(4), 347-368. doi:10.1080/09500782.2015.1023733
  • Gottlieb, M., & Ernst-Slavit, G. (2014). Academic Language in Diverse Classrooms: Definitions and Contexts. Corwin.
  • Lasabaster, D. (2013). The use of the L1 in CLIL classes: The teachers’ perspective. LACLIL, 6(2), 1-21. doi:10.5294/laclil
  • Llinares, A., Morton, T., & Whittaker, R. (2012). The Roles of Language in CLIL. Cambridge University Press.
  • Schleppegrell, M. J., & O’Hallaron, C. L. (2011). Teaching Academic Language in L2 Secondary Settings. Annual Review of Applied Linguistics, 31, 3-18. doi:10.1017/S0267190511000067